In fact, everyone has high blood pressure! Blood has a force and pressure for effective circulation in the body’s arteries, which carries it to different parts of the body. It is high blood pressure that is considered a disease.
High blood pressure can affect many organs, including the heart, blood vessels, kidneys and brain.
The degree of hypertension that is considered high varies from source to source, but is usually referred to as hypertension greater than 140.90 mm Hg. High blood pressure is sometimes called the silent killer because although it is usually asymptomatic, it can lead to heart attack and stroke.
1.Prevalence and prognosis of hypertension
One of the most dangerous aspects of high blood pressure is that you may not be aware of it, in fact about a third of people with high blood pressure are unaware of their condition. The only way to know about high blood pressure is through regular checkups.
1-1-What is the risk of high blood pressure?
Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of cardiovascular damage and increases the risk of serious diseases such as heart attack and stroke.
In the long run, high blood pressure can cause blood clots to form due to narrowing of the blood vessels, resulting in atherosclerosis, in which case the heart has to work harder to pump blood, resulting in worse blood pressure.
Blood pressure can vary from person to person during the day depending on the condition. Factors such as stress, anxiety, eating (caffeine or salt intake), smoking or lack of exercise can increase blood pressure. Lifestyle changes are the best way to control high blood pressure.
2. Complications of high blood pressure
Excessive pressure on the walls of the arteries due to high blood pressure can damage the blood vessels and organs of the body. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to the following complications:
- Heart attack or stroke: High blood pressure can cause hardening and thickening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack, stroke or other complication.
- Aneurysm: Increased blood pressure can weaken and bulge blood vessels and cause aneurysms to form. Rupture of the aneurysm can be life threatening.
- Heart failure: To pump blood against high pressure in the arteries, the heart has to work harder, causing the walls of the heart chambers to thicken (left ventricular hypertrophy), eventually causing the thickened muscle to meet the body’s needs, which It can lead to heart failure.
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- Weakening and narrowing of blood vessels in the kidneys: It can prevent the normal functioning of the organs.
- Thickening, narrowing or rupture of blood vessels in the eye: can lead to vision loss.
- Metabolic Syndrome: This syndrome includes a range of metabolic disorders in the body including increased waist circumference, high triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL or good cholesterol), high blood pressure, and high insulin levels. These conditions increase the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
- Memory problems: Uncontrolled high blood pressure may affect a person’s ability to think, remember and learn. Problems with memory or comprehension are more common in people with high blood pressure.
- Dementia: Narrowing or blockage of the arteries can restrict blood flow to the brain and lead to certain types of dementia. A stroke that stops blood flow to the brain can also cause vascular dementia.
3.what is the Signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
High blood pressure may have no symptoms, even if the blood pressure level reaches a dangerous level.
which is why high blood pressure is known as the “silent killer”.
which makes regular blood pressure checks vital.
Some people with high blood pressure may experience headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms are not specific and usually do not occur until the high blood pressure is threatening or severe. High blood pressure is usually accompanied by the following symptoms, such as:
· Sleep problems
· Other symptoms of high blood pressure can include headaches
· Feeling of throbbing in the neck and ears or head
· Chest pain
· Fatigue or confusion
· Vision problems and blurred vision
· Respiratory problems and shortness of breath
· Irregular heartbeat
· Blood in the urine
4.Management and treatment of hypertension
Blood pressure is caused by a variety of factors, so there are several treatments for it. The goal of treating high blood pressure is to keep your blood pressure below 80/134.
Treatment of high blood pressure includes the following:
· Lifestyle change
· Quit Smoking
· Weight loss (if overweight)
- Regular exercise: Exercise and physical activity help lower blood pressure by losing weight and lowering blood sugar and other complications of obesity. Talk to your doctor before starting any new exercise program. Exercise activities such as walking, running, cycling or swimming for 30 to 45 minutes a day can help lower blood pressure.
· enough sleep
· Reducing stress
· Regular blood pressure control at home
· Avoid alcohol
- Treatment of underlying diseases: Treatment of underlying diseases that cause high blood pressure also improves high blood pressure. Diseases such as renal artery stenosis, pheochromocytoma (rare adrenal cancer), congestive heart failure, diabetes, obesity
- Diet: Low sodium and low fat diet, limit caffeine intake, reduce salt intake, eat potassium rich foods (if you have kidney failure, potassium rich foods may be harmful to you), eat fruits and vegetables, eat Low-fat dairy and lean meats.
5.Useful herbs for controlling high blood pressure
The results of studies published in the medical journal Pharmacognosy Reviews show that some natural plants have a good effect on combating high blood pressure. Some of these herbs are very useful as supplements in the treatment of high blood pressure.
Remember that herbal medicines are not safe and have side effects if taken incorrectly or in excess. Therefore, as mentioned, if you are on medication, you need to consult your doctor about taking these herbal remedies.
5-1.effects of Oregano
The ingredients are in oregano:
Oregano contains an active ingredient called carvacrol. The results of a study published in the journal Planta Medica show that this substance has a great effect on reducing high blood pressure. Oregano also contains potassium, which is a great effect in controlling blood pressure.
Although the consumption of this fragrant herb is not a problem among adults who have general health, its high consumption is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women. Keep in mind that a balanced intake of oregano helps control blood pressure, but you should eat it in the context of a healthy diet.
How to use: You can use oregano according to your personal taste in flavoring meats, stews, soups or other foods. You can also make tea or add it to smoothies.
Basil is a delicious plant that is used in a variety of foods. It may also help lower your blood pressure. In rodents, basil extract has been shown to reduce this pressure, although only slightly. The chemical eugenol found in basil may kill certain substances that cause blood vessels to harden.
This may lead to a drop in blood pressure. Of course, more studies are needed. Adding fresh basil to your diet is easy and certainly safe.
Keep a small pot of the plant in your kitchen and add fresh leaves to pasta, soups, salads and snacks.
also read: 3 Amazing herbal tea for kidney & liver
Cardamom is a spice that comes from India and is often used in South Asian cuisine. In a small study of 20 people on the health effects of cardamom, it was found that participants with high blood pressure saw a significant reduction after consuming 1.5 grams of cardamom powder twice a day for 12 weeks. You can use cardamom seeds or its powder in spices, soups and stews and even cooked foods for its special taste and health benefits.
Flaxseed is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and has been suggested in some studies to lower blood pressure.
What recent study have been showed about flaxseed?
A recent study suggested that 30 to 50 grams per day be consumed for more than 12 weeks to reap the benefits. Flaxseed may protect against atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease by lowering cholesterol, improving glucose tolerance, and acting as an antioxidant.
You can buy many products containing flaxseed, but it is better to buy flaxseed in general and add it to your home meals. The best thing about flaxseed is that you can add it to almost any food, from soups and smoothies and ready meals.
5-5. the importance of Garlic
This spicy spice not only flavors your food but also makes your breath stink. Garlic may be able to lower blood pressure by increasing a substance in the body called nitric oxide, which can relax and dilate blood vessels. This allows blood to flow more freely.
You can add fresh garlic to a number of your favorite recipes. If the flavor is too much for you, chop the garlic first. If you can not eat garlic, you can take garlic supplements.
5-6.The amazing Ginger
Ginger help control blood pressure. studies have shown that it improves blood circulation and relaxes the muscles around the arteries.
Human studies have so far been inconclusive and commonly used in Asian cuisine, ginger is a versatile food that can be added to sweets or beverages. Chop fresh ginger and add to French fries, soups and pasta or vegetables, or add a refreshing flavor to dessert or tea.
Hawthorn is an herbal remedy for the disease that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. In rodents, hawthorn extract seems to have many benefits for cardiovascular health, including helping to lower blood pressure, prevent hardening of the arteries, and lower cholesterol. You can drink hawthorn in the form of a tablet, liquid extract or tea.
Celery seed is a plant that is used to flavor soups, stews and other tasty foods. Celery has long been used in China to treat high blood pressure, and credible studies in rodents have shown that it may be effective.
You can use its seeds or you can take the juice of the plant. Celery may also be a diuretic and therefore may affect the disease. Researchers believe that a variety of substances in celery may play a role in lowering blood pressure. However, human studies are needed.
Regular consumption of red pepper is a factor in breaking the accumulation of plaque in blood vessels. Of course, the effect of red pepper on high blood pressure is gradual. Another point is that it may not be helpful for some patients to take this substance; Therefore, it is better to consult a doctor.
How to use: To use red pepper, you can also use it in food as a seasoning or in a variety of vegetable salads and fruit salads.
5-10.Health benefits of Cinnamon
Cinnamon is another delicious condiment that can be easily incorporated into your daily diet and may lower your blood pressure.
How cinnamon would help you?
A study in rodents showed that cinnamon extract reduces both sudden onset and persistent hypertension. However, the extract was given intravenously. It is not known whether cinnamon is also effective orally.
You can add more cinnamon to your diet by sprinkling it on breakfast, oatmeal, and even coffee. At dinner, cinnamon tastes good, fries and curries and stews better.
High and low blood pressure is one of the diseases that is affecting people around the world more than ever. However, many people think that there is no specific treatment for high blood pressure; But there are 100% practical solutions to treat this disease.
Of course, you should not expect to find these solutions among pills and chemical methods. Chemical methods are more useful for controlling blood pressure than treating blood pressure! Natural remedies using natural ingredients can work wonders to treat high blood pressure and completely cure this disease in your body.
People with high blood pressure or low blood pressure must follow the necessary precautions during their treatment. Otherwise, you can not hope to treat high blood pressure with natural methods. This observance is related to both dietary observance and abstinence, as well as to mobility and regular and, of course, intelligent sports activities.